Data webite

Extract Data From any Website in Seconds. Data Miner is a Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge browser extension that helps you scrape data from web pages and into a CSV file or Excel spreadsheet. Kaggle is the world’s largest data science community with powerful tools and resources to help you achieve your data science goals. Improving Access to Older Adult Health Data for Timely Use Amid COVID-19 and Beyond. Today marks the launch of the Older Adults Health Data Collection – a new resource cataloging over 200 Federal datasets previously available on Data.gov related to the health of older Americans. This centralized location will assist experts from academia, industry, government, civil society, and the public ... The most comprehensive visualization of U.S. public data. Data USA provides an open, easy-to-use platform that turns data into knowledge. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. Unless otherwise noted, our data sets are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license, and the code is available under the MIT license. If you find this information useful, please let us know.

Resources for PH History

2020.05.13 03:05 Cheesetorian Resources for PH History

Here are some resources if you are interested in researching PH history or related subjects.
  1. Primary Sources in PH History (mostly Blair and Robertson's The Philippine Islands Vol. 1-55) http://philhist.pbworks.com/w/page/16367040/FrontPage
  2. San Buenaventura's Vocabulario de Lengua Tagala (in Blogger, via San Antonio de Padua Foundation) http://sb.tagalogstudies.org/
  3. Boxer Codex scans (via Indiana University's Lilly Library) http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/omeka/lilly/items/show/93
  4. Ayala Museum's Filipinas Heritage Library (they have tons of pictures and media resources eg Jose Honorato Lozano's watercolor's) https://www.filipinaslibrary.org.ph/
  5. Paul Morrow's Baybayin webite (a lot of resources regarding ancient Filipino writings, the Sto. Tomas Land Contracts etc) http://paulmorrow.ca/baybay1.htm
  6. UP's Hukay Journal (archives), many articles on PH archaeology https://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/asp/issue/archive
  7. Biblioteca Digital Hispanica (multiple art, books, maps regarding PH mostly late 19th c. but a few from prior centuries) http://www.bne.es/es/Catalogos/BibliotecaDigitalHispanica/Inicio/index.html
  8. National Geographic Archives (for pictures and media of PH during American period) https://archive.nationalgeographic.com/landing
  9. PH Gov Flickr (lots of pictures from Malacanang's vaults) https://www.flickr.com/photos/govph/
  10. US and It's Territories Collection University of Michigan (it has multiple collection of pictures including Pershing and DC Worcester picture collections) as well as multiple books including the PH during American period https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/i/image/image-idx?c=sclphilimg;page=index
  11. PH Presidential Museum and Library, Internet archive of Malacanang Palace (credit to RunningSportman) https://archive.org/details/presidentialmuseumandlibrary
  12. Ancestry.com Philippines genealogy search from 1642 baptism, death and marriages from 1720's https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/60123/
  13. National Registry of Historic Sites PH http://nhcphistoricsites.blogspot.com If you're interested in searching for statues, markers etc (per RunningSportman)
  14. National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections (TechnoAklatan) (following thanks to erynneyeers)http://nlpdl.nlp.gov.ph/TechnoAklatan.htm
  15. National Library of the Philippines Digitized Historical Data of LGUshttp://nlpdl.nlp.gov.ph/HD01/home.htm
  16. Philippine e-Journals (The Journal of History)https://ejournals.ph/issue.php?id=35#prod
  17. History of Philippine Science during the Colonial Periodhttps://www.researchgate.net/project/History-of-Philippine-Science-in-the-colonial-period
If you want to add a link or resources (ie media like pictures, books, music) etc. do not hesitate to add so we can share as much of it to the fellow enthusiasts.

Edit: There's also a "Reading Recommendation List", for all entertaining, educational, and "fun" reading etc. books, articles, and graphic novels here: https://www.reddit.com/FilipinoHistory/comments/hcdz1i/reading_recommendation_list/
submitted by Cheesetorian to FilipinoHistory [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 15:34 SoulSearchingScandal 5G: Why do I have to choose between Huawei and Essential Oils™?

[TDLR BELOW]
I have been living under a rock (graduating and working in quarantine while taking care of distant family) regarding the recent 5G hype. I'm seeing more marketing towards consumers (Oneplus 8, every single LinkedIn that is not about IoT) but after looking into it a bit I found myself disagreeing with both sides.

In many countries, there has been backlash against 5G, where according to the protesters it would have all kinds of health hazards, such as causing corona virus, cancer, impotency and even kill birds. There also seems to be a correlation between the people who are against 5G and the people who are against vaccination.
I am generally in favor of new technology and thus in favor of 5G if its benefits outweigh its risks. Even if 5G is completely harmless (which according to most people it seems to be), I am extremely wary of Huawei being in charge of critical communications within my country. I do know that you shouldn't blindly rely on US intelligence and should take their statements on Huawei with a giant grain of salt, but Huawei has repeatedly been accused internationally of installing backdoors in their communications hardware/software and has been accused of spying for the Chinese Government.
I won't go into the whole hypocrisy from the US (NSA) and underlying causes such as the ongoing trade war between the West and China and China threatening the power position of the US as it's too complex for this post. Regardless, one of the major suppliers of critical 5G communications is a company that has been (still ongoing) banned by many government agencies and there have been public accusations for more than two decades. [d]
Aside from privacy/security concerns, I have not yet seen a valid case for 5G. For pretty much every technology improvement, a case has been made. 4G promised real-time video communication and streaming and we now see that promise kept. Same goes for electric cars, self-driving cars, IoT, etc. and I would argue that some of these technologies are even more disruptive than 5G. 5G is an extremely cool combination of technologies (OFDM, Massive MIMO, mmWave) but still an innovation of existing technology and nothing like going from horse to car, which is why the whole "The first car didn't have a valid case against horses for most people and yet here we are" is extremely dishonest in my opinion.
There are things to be said about the mountain of research on internet addiction, binge-watching, depression and social media dependence, screen-on-time for children. Therefore, what is the actual benefit? Remote surgery and self-driving cars are mentioned and although skeptical (automated surgery is vastly superior, self-driving cars are well below data cap and ML training is done off-site), I am willing to be convinced on such applications. But most 5G marketing (hype) is geared towards consumers (5G modems are partly responsible for jacking up smartphone prices) and I've yet to see a valid case on why we need to spent billions trillions and have highly disputed Chinese state-funded companies building our critical communications network.

Finally, on the whole health note. I am fully aware that like most of you, my knowledge on the subject is slightly above the average blob-fish compared to an expert on electromagnetic Physics (MSc Data Science but I had 1 or 2 undergraduate level Physics courses). I am also guilty of saying things such as "but the sun has more X times more energy so it must be harmless", upon which I was asked if that means it is thus safe to put your pet in the microwave.
Looking at current literature, I found the opposite of what I was expecting (something akin to the consensus on Climate Change). Almost all articles warned on implementation and cited some adverse effects and indicated that "currently there is no consensus on the safety of 5G" [4]. The rest of the articles all warn against widespread implementation, explain why any research on 3G and 4G safety cannot be extrapolated to 5G and call for more research as some research showed health hazards and some did not [1] [2] [3] [5].
I did not pick a specific subset of shady Wordpress webites from 2007 that are experienced in essential oils, I just literally picked the top five recent articles (meta-analyses) on 5G and health that were at least cited multiple times. I've had to do a fair amount of literature reviews before, so for transparency I only searched the most cited/recent literature on 5G and health using "5G wireless health meta analysis" on Google Scholar.
My main question is; why don't we wait for a full report on consensus on 5G and health, like we did for climate change (e.g. 97%)? Are there large-scale observational studies on prolonged (hours) exposure to higher frequency (+26Ghz) radio signals (mice, humans) that are more credible that current studies done on marine life, mice, etc. that (sometimes) shows health hazards? Why do we believe the (e.g. UK) government when they say they have found a way to let Huawei built 5G but keep them out of critical parts of the network? [e]. Am I missing a lot of research, am I just dumb or what is the reason that most people are enthusiastic/indifferent towards 5G?

[TLDR]; conspiracy theorists that set 4G towers on fire thinking to protest against 5G because it "causes corona-virus" are dumb. But aren't we willfully naive to trust parties such as Huawei for our critical communications network and ignoring the fact that there is no consensus on recent, cited literature on 5G's health implications?


Non-scientific articles that are not peer-reviewed
[a] https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11533160/5g-coronavirus-conspiracy-hug-police-hq/
[b] https://nltimes.nl/2020/04/28/protest-lockdown-5g-vaccinations-forms-parliament
[c] https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/02/us-gave-allies-evidence-that-huawei-can-snoop-on-phone-networks-wsj-says/
[d] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_Huawei#Espionage_and_security_concerns
[e] https://fortune.com/2020/04/17/uk-boris-johnson-trump-huawei-5g-network/

Sources
[1] Russell, C. L. (2018). 5 G wireless telecommunications expansion: Public health and environmental implications. Environmental research, 165, 484-495.
[2] Di Ciaula, A. (2018). Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 221(3), 367-375.
[3] Russell, C. (2017). A 5G Wireless Future: Will it give us a Smart Nation or contribute to an Unhealthy One?. The Bulletin, 20-23.
[4] Kostoff, R. N., Heroux, P., Aschner, M., & Tsatsakis, A. (2020). Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology under real-life conditions. Toxicology Letters, 323, 35-40.
[5] Miller, A. B., Sears, M., Hardell, L., Oremus, M., & Soskolne, C. L. (2019). Risks to health and well-being from radio-frequency radiation emitted by cell phones and other wireless devices. Frontiers in public health, 7, 223.
[6] Carpenter, D. O. (2019). Are There Health Hazards Coming From the Rollout of 5G?.
submitted by SoulSearchingScandal to technology [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 15:26 SoulSearchingScandal 5G: Why do I have to choose between Huawei and Essential Oils™?

[TDLR BELOW]
I have been living under a rock (graduating and working in quarantine while taking care of distant family) regarding the recent 5G hype. I'm seeing more marketing towards consumers (Oneplus 8, every single LinkedIn that is not about IoT) but after looking into it a bit I found myself disagreeing with both sides.

In many countries, there has been backlash against 5G, where according to the protesters it would have all kinds of health hazards, such as causing corona virus, cancer, impotency and even kill birds. There also seems to be a correlation between the people who are against 5G and the people who are against vaccination.
I am generally in favor of new technology and thus in favor of 5G if its benefits outweigh its risks. Even if 5G is completely harmless (which according to most people it seems to be), I am extremely wary of Huawei being in charge of critical communications within my country. I do know that you shouldn't blindly rely on US intelligence and should take their statements on Huawei with a giant grain of salt, but Huawei has repeatedly been accused internationally of installing backdoors in their communications hardware/software and has been accused of spying for the Chinese Government.
I won't go into the whole hypocrisy from the US (NSA) and underlying causes such as the ongoing trade war between the West and China and China threatening the power position of the US as it's too complex for this post. Regardless, one of the major suppliers of critical 5G communications is a company that has been (still ongoing) banned by many government agencies and there have been public accusations for more than two decades [d]
Aside from privacy/security concerns, I have not yet seen a valid case for 5G. For pretty much every technology improvement, a case has been made. 4G promised real-time video communication and streaming and we now see that promise kept. Same goes for electric cars, self-driving cars, IoT, etc. and I would argue that some of these technologies are even more disruptive than 5G. 5G is an extremely cool combination of technologies (OFDM, Massive MIMO, mmWave) but still an innovation of existing technology and nothing like going from horse to car, which is why the whole "The first car didn't have a valid case against horses for most people and yet here we are" is extremely dishonest in my opinion.
There are things to be said about the mountain of research on internet addiction, binge-watching, depression and social media dependence, screen-on-time for children. Therefore, what is the actual benefit? Remote surgery and self-driving cars are mentioned and although skeptical (automated surgery is vastly superior, self-driving cars are well below data cap and ML training is done off-site), I am willing to be convinced on such applications. But most 5G marketing (hype) is geared towards consumers (5G modems are partly responsible for jacking up smartphone prices) and I've yet to see a valid case on why we need to spent billions trillions and have highly disputed Chinese state-funded companies building our critical communications network.

Finally, on the whole health note. I am fully aware that like most of you, my knowledge on the subject is slightly above the average blob-fish compared to an expert on electromagnetic Physics (MSc Data Science but I had 1 or 2 undergraduate level Physics courses). I am also guilty of saying things such as "but the sun has more X times more energy so it must be harmless", upon which I was asked if that means it is thus safe to put your pet in the microwave.
Looking at current literature, I found the opposite of what I was expecting (something akin to the consensus on Climate Change). Almost all articles warned on implementation and cited some adverse effects and indicated that "currently there is no consensus on the safety of 5G" [4]. The rest of the articles all warn against widespread implementation, explain why any research on 3G and 4G safety cannot be extrapolated to 5G and call for more research as some research showed health hazards and some did not [1] [2] [3] [5].
I did not pick a specific subset of shady Wordpress webites from 2007 that are experienced in essential oils, I just literally picked the top five recent articles (meta-analyses) on 5G and health that were at least cited multiple times. I've had to do a fair amount of literature reviews before, so for transparency I only searched the most cited/recent literature on 5G and health using "5G wireless health meta analysis" on Google Scholar.
My main question is; why don't we wait for a full report on consensus on 5G and health, like we did for climate change (e.g. 97%)? Are there large-scale observational studies on prolonged (hours) exposure to higher frequency (+26Ghz) radio signals (mice, humans) that are more credible that current studies done on marine life, mice, etc. that (sometimes) shows health hazards? Why do we believe the (e.g. UK) government when they say they have found a way to let Huawei built 5G but keep them out of critical parts of the network? [e]. Am I missing a lot of research, am I just dumb or what is the reason that most people are enthusiastic/indifferent towards 5G?

[TLDR]; conspiracy theorists that set 4G towers on fire thinking to protest against 5G because it "causes corona-virus" are dumb. But aren't we willfully naive to trust parties such as Huawei for our critical communications network and ignoring the fact that there is no consensus on recent, cited literature on 5G's health implications?


Non-scientific articles that are not peer-reviewed
[a] https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11533160/5g-coronavirus-conspiracy-hug-police-hq/
[b] https://nltimes.nl/2020/04/28/protest-lockdown-5g-vaccinations-forms-parliament
[c] https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/02/us-gave-allies-evidence-that-huawei-can-snoop-on-phone-networks-wsj-says/
[d] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_Huawei#Espionage_and_security_concerns
[e] https://fortune.com/2020/04/17/uk-boris-johnson-trump-huawei-5g-network/

Sources
[1] Russell, C. L. (2018). 5 G wireless telecommunications expansion: Public health and environmental implications. Environmental research, 165, 484-495.
[2] Di Ciaula, A. (2018). Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 221(3), 367-375.
[3] Russell, C. (2017). A 5G Wireless Future: Will it give us a Smart Nation or contribute to an Unhealthy One?. The Bulletin, 20-23.
[4] Kostoff, R. N., Heroux, P., Aschner, M., & Tsatsakis, A. (2020). Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology under real-life conditions. Toxicology Letters, 323, 35-40.
[5] Miller, A. B., Sears, M., Hardell, L., Oremus, M., & Soskolne, C. L. (2019). Risks to health and well-being from radio-frequency radiation emitted by cell phones and other wireless devices. Frontiers in public health, 7, 223.
[6] Carpenter, D. O. (2019). Are There Health Hazards Coming From the Rollout of 5G?.
submitted by SoulSearchingScandal to C_S_T [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 15:15 SoulSearchingScandal 5G: Why do I have to choose between Huawei and Essential Oils™?

[TDLR BELOW]
I have been living under a rock (graduating and working in quarantine while taking care of distant family) regarding the recent 5G hype. I'm seeing more marketing towards consumers (Oneplus 8, every single LinkedIn that is not about IoT) but after looking into it a bit I found myself disagreeing with both sides.

In many countries, there has been backlash against 5G, where according to the protesters it would have all kinds of health hazards, such as causing corona virus, cancer, impotency and even kill birds. There also seems to be a correlation between the people who are against 5G and the people who are against vaccination.
I am generally in favor of new technology and thus in favor of 5G if its benefits outweigh its risks. Even if 5G is completely harmless (which according to most people it seems to be), I am extremely wary of Huawei being in charge of critical communications within my country. I do know that you shouldn't blindly rely on US intelligence and should take their statements on Huawei with a giant grain of salt, but Huawei has repeatedly been accused internationally of installing backdoors in their communications hardware/software and has been accused of spying for the Chinese Government.
I won't go into the whole hypocrisy from the US (NSA) and underlying causes such as the ongoing trade war between the West and China and China threatening the power position of the US as it's too complex for this post. Regardless, one of the major suppliers of critical 5G communications is a company that has been (still ongoing) banned by many government agencies and there have been public accusations for more than two decades [d]
Aside from privacy/security concerns, I have not yet seen a valid case for 5G. For pretty much every technology improvement, a case has been made. 4G promised real-time video communication and streaming and we now see that promise kept. Same goes for electric cars, self-driving cars, IoT, etc. and I would argue that some of these technologies are even more disruptive than 5G. 5G is an extremely cool combination of technologies (OFDM, Massive MIMO, mmWave) but still an innovation of existing technology and nothing like going from horse to car, which is why the whole "The first car didn't have a valid case against horses for most people and yet here we are" is extremely dishonest in my opinion.
There are things to be said about the mountain of research on internet addiction, binge-watching, depression and social media dependence, screen-on-time for children. Therefore, what is the actual benefit? Remote surgery and self-driving cars are mentioned and although skeptical (automated surgery is vastly superior, self-driving cars are well below data cap and ML training is done off-site), I am willing to be convinced on such applications. But most 5G marketing (hype) is geared towards consumers (5G modems are partly responsible for jacking up smartphone prices) and I've yet to see a valid case on why we need to spent billions trillions and have highly disputed Chinese state-funded companies building our critical communications network.

Finally, on the whole health note. I am fully aware that like most of you, my knowledge on the subject is slightly above the average blob-fish compared to an expert on electromagnetic Physics (MSc Data Science but I had 1 or 2 undergraduate level Physics courses). I am also guilty of saying things such as "but the sun has more X times more energy so it must be harmless", upon which I was asked if that means it is thus safe to put your pet in the microwave.
Looking at current literature, I found the opposite of what I was expecting (something akin to the consensus on Climate Change). Almost all articles warned on implementation and cited some adverse effects and indicated that "currently there is no consensus on the safety of 5G" [4]. The rest of the articles all warn against widespread implementation, explain why any research on 3G and 4G safety cannot be extrapolated to 5G and call for more research as some research showed health hazards and some did not [1] [2] [3] [5].
I did not pick a specific subset of shady Wordpress webites from 2007 that are experienced in essential oils, I just literally picked the top five recent articles (meta-analyses) on 5G and health that were at least cited multiple times. I've had to do a fair amount of literature reviews before, so for transparency I only searched the most cited/recent literature on 5G and health using "5G wireless health meta analysis" on Google Scholar.
My main question is; why don't we wait for a full report on consensus on 5G and health, like we did for climate change (e.g. 97%)? Are there large-scale observational studies on prolonged (hours) exposure to higher frequency (+26Ghz) radio signals (mice, humans) that are more credible that current studies done on marine life, mice, etc. that (sometimes) shows health hazards? Why do we believe the (e.g. UK) government when they say they have found a way to let Huawei built 5G but keep them out of critical parts of the network? [e]. Am I missing a lot of research, am I just dumb or what is the reason that most people are enthusiastic/indifferent towards 5G?

[TLDR]; conspiracy theorists that set 4G towers on fire thinking to protest against 5G because it "causes corona-virus" are dumb. But aren't we willfully naive to trust parties such as Huawei for our critical communications network and ignoring the fact that there is no consensus on recent, cited literature on 5G's health implications?


Non-scientific articles that are not peer-reviewed
[a] https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11533160/5g-coronavirus-conspiracy-hug-police-hq/
[b] https://nltimes.nl/2020/04/28/protest-lockdown-5g-vaccinations-forms-parliament
[c] https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/02/us-gave-allies-evidence-that-huawei-can-snoop-on-phone-networks-wsj-says/
[d] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_Huawei#Espionage_and_security_concerns
[e] https://fortune.com/2020/04/17/uk-boris-johnson-trump-huawei-5g-network/

Sources
[1] Russell, C. L. (2018). 5 G wireless telecommunications expansion: Public health and environmental implications. Environmental research, 165, 484-495.
[2] Di Ciaula, A. (2018). Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 221(3), 367-375.
[3] Russell, C. (2017). A 5G Wireless Future: Will it give us a Smart Nation or contribute to an Unhealthy One?. The Bulletin, 20-23.
[4] Kostoff, R. N., Heroux, P., Aschner, M., & Tsatsakis, A. (2020). Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology under real-life conditions. Toxicology Letters, 323, 35-40.
[5] Miller, A. B., Sears, M., Hardell, L., Oremus, M., & Soskolne, C. L. (2019). Risks to health and well-being from radio-frequency radiation emitted by cell phones and other wireless devices. Frontiers in public health, 7, 223.
[6] Carpenter, D. O. (2019). Are There Health Hazards Coming From the Rollout of 5G?.
submitted by SoulSearchingScandal to skeptic [link] [comments]


2020.04.28 16:25 Vayasen1 Drop Box Syncing. Help

IUpdate -I have now installed BS / DB on my Ipad, Phone and Desktop.
Any New list on Ipad shows on PC(but not on phone)
Any new list on Phone shows on PC (not on Ipad)
New/existing Lists on the PC wont show anywhere
At the end of my patience.


My situation (New to Syncing etc)
1- I have a Desktop PC with BS. I have a Drop Box Account(on a webite...nothing dloaded) I have Army lists on here
2- I have a new Ipad. Installed BS and Drop Box. I followed the Ipad Sync with Drop Box instructions. Seems to work fine.
Then I go to the next part of my guide and it says 'Options & change data location' Cant find that but found 'Data Location'. I cant find a drop box folder on my PC?
At a loss at how to get my PC lists shared onto my Ipad. Any help greatly appreciated.

I now have it so my NEW Lists I create on the Ipad show on the PC....but I cannot get anything at all, new or old to show on the Ipdad? I installed Dropbox on the PC and changed Data Location to Dropbox\Apps\BattleScribe\Rosters Still cant get anything from the PC to show on Ipas BS.

Any help greatly appreciated.
submitted by Vayasen1 to BattleScribe [link] [comments]


2020.01.01 20:23 JuicyLittleGOOF r/IndoEuropean Dedicated Topic #1: The early cultures of the steppe and the rise of the Yamnaya

IndoEuropean Dedicated Topic #1: The early cultures of the steppe and the rise of the Yamnaya

https://preview.redd.it/g0rgtvw548841.png?width=1250&format=png&auto=webp&s=9b7021933afa5daa28b18028461fcb1dcd263208
First of all, I wish you all a happy new year! Big shout out to all the quality contributors to this subreddit, and a shoutout to all the lurkers in the back as well!
Now that it is out of the way, let's talks about the dedicated topic series. These threads will be about a particular topic of interest, in which we can all talk, theorize, question, drop knowledge. I will leave these posts stickied to the page, until the next topic has been made. Depending on the topic, these threads will be there for at least a week, but up to a month. I will also consistently update the text in the thread, add new materials and fix errors.
u/ImPlayingTheSims suggested this topic to me, so if there is a certain topic you want to discuss, let me know. Just leave it in a comment or send me a DM.
I will provide some basic context and information about the topics, as well as some interesting links and resources to start you out. I would very much appreciate it if you could share some materials too.
Potential topics for the next Dedicated Topic:
  • Bell Beakers and Corded Ware
  • The eastwards spread of the Indo-Europeans (Sintashta, Iranians, Tocharians)
  • Were the Mitanni ruled by Indo-Aryans?
  • The Indo-European aspects of the Xiongnu and Huns
  • The Indo-European aspects of the Etruscans
Anyways, enough of this nonsense let's get into it!

The early steppe cultures and the rise of the Yamnaya

Ever since genetic research has re validated the Kurgan hypothesis for the Proto-Indo-European homeland, there has been much focus on this archaeological culture from the Pontic steppe known as the Pit Grave, Yamna, or Yamnaya culture. They were one of the many Western Steppe Herder groups which had a massive genetic impact in Europe, and the descendants of the Western steppe herders managed to spread across a territory ranging from Ireland to China, before 1000 BC.
The Yamnaya were a semi-nomadic pastoralist society, from roughly 3300-2800 BC, and their one of the first to domesticate the horse. Their was a massive diffusion of their lifestyles, and genetics across Eurasia. This culture is considered by many the starting point of the Indo-European migrations, making them therefore the (late) Proto-Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the language which was ancestral to all modern Indo-European languages.
But is it really that simplistic?
Far from it!
The Yamnaya were dominated by (but not limited to) the Y-DNA haplogroup R1b-z2103, but the most prevalent steppe haplogroups in Europe are actually the R1b-L151 and R1a-m417 subclades. Ancestry goes far beyond haplogroups of course, 25% of your ancestry comes from your maternal grandfather but you do not carry his haplogroups. In addition, the dominance of certain haplogroups in regions could very well have arosen from the patrilineal and patrilocal kinship systems in which these pastoralists lived in.
Another issue is the timing. Did you notice the (late) in front of the Proto-Indo-European? That is because PIE likely had several phases, and the earliest phases (Anatolian) likely branched off before the Yamnaya even came into existence.There are also western migration (see Usatovo) which predated the Yamnaya migrations. So their relevance should only pertain to Late Proto-Indo-European.
The importance of the Yamnaya was based on archaeological timing. They establish themselves on the steppes and soon after we see a massive diffusion of that steppe culture going west, transforming into the Corded Ware culture. But did we perhaps back the wrong steppe culture?
Personally I think it is too early to state that, especially since the archaeogenetic data is still revealing new insights with each study released.
Unfortunately, we do not know much about these people. They did not have writing, nor did they leave many monuments behind. Luckily we do have burial mounds (kurgans), which contained their bodies and their prized goods, and from this we can at least learn quite a bit. At least if you know how to read Russian, because most archaeological papers on these cultures tend to be written in Russian.
Based on the various linguistic features and religious myths of Indo-European cultures we can sort of piece together what the Western steppe herders might have been like culturally, and what language they might have spoken. A study of ancient genetics and archaeological sites should also reveal cultural practices which could shed a light on how these societies worked.
We know that the Yamnaya were not an isolated population which sprung up from the earth as Tacitus would say. Before their time, there were several ancestral steppe cultures such as the Repin, Khvalynsk, Sredny Stog and Samara cultures. If we go even beyond that we get the Eastern Hunter gatherers and the Caucasian hunter gatherer populations, or the ancient north Eurasians which was ancestral to both those groups and was also ancestral to Native Americans.
What I want to uncover in this thread is:
  • who were the ancestors of the Yamnaya, both from a genetic and archaeological point of view?
  • When did the horse start playing a role in their society, and when was it domesticated?
  • How long did it take for the Yamnaya to be the dominant culture of the steppe, and how where the other cultures replaced?
  • What were the relations between the people of the Pontic Steppe and their neighbours and contemporaries such as the Tripilian farmers to their west, the Maykop in the Caucasus, or the distant city building Mesopotamians?
  • When did copper tools first enter the region, and how widespread was the usage of copper in the region?
I encourage all of you to make posts on several of the /ask subreddits, or even other webites, to find as much information as you can, so that we together can learn a lot more about the early days of the Pontic Steppe and how the Yamnaya developed. Hopefully we can come across an archaeologist with expertise in that area!

Revision (April 2020):

After three months of reading, chewing down the information and some new archaeogenetic data I figured I'd return to this thread and share some things which I had not before.
The biggest news is that a very specific R1b haplogroup has now been found in both an early Corded Ware and an Afasanievo sample, in Switzerland and Mongolia respectively. That haplogroup being R1b-L151, which was still a sort of missing link type of connection. Well now it has been uncovered in steppe migrations going both ways. This certainly opens the door for the haplogroup having been present in the Repin and Yamnaya cultures for instance, since the Afasanievo are basically considered to be genetically identical to the Yamnaya.
More and more R1b is popping up in Corded Ware samples, a late Corded Ware site in Poland were all carriers of R1b-M269, which to me highlights that the simplistic narratives of R1a=Corded Ware and R1b=Yamnaya are what they are, simplistic narratives.
Another point I'd like to highlight is the Piedmont steppe, or the North Caucasus steppe. In the paper of the genetic prehistory of the Caucasus, there were two sites called Progress and Voyunchka, I'll just refer to both as Piedmont steppe. This was a population which had about 50% CHG and 50% steppe ancestry, and they were the likely vectors of the CHG ancestry which slowly starts appearing in the 5th millennium bc.
Interestingly the Khvalynsk cemetery shows a rate between 0-50% of CHG admixture, those higher individuals likely coming from the Piedmont steppe. I should note that this CHG is best described as ancestry which is very similar to Caucasus hunter gatherers, rather than just Caucasus hunter gatherers in general. There apparently is a little distinction between the two and their lineages had thousands of years of separation.
There also was a genetic influx from the west via the early European farmers. Alexandria 16551 is a sample which had Y-dna R14-M417 with about 80% steppe and 20% EEF admixture. Sounds like an early Corded Ware person from 2800 bc right? Well it turns out it is a Sredny Stog individual from 4000 bc, well before the existence of the CWC.
So the genetic soup so to say were Eastern hunter gatherers, with EEF ancestry coming in from the west, and Caucasian ancestry coming from CHG rich steppe groups in the North Caucasus steppe, resulting in admixture breakdowns such as 55% EHG, 35% CHG and 10% EEF in the Yamnaya.
Here is a simplified chart for these cultures which I will be updating over time:
Material culture Dates (BC) Location Lifestyle Horses? Simplified ancestry Y-DNA
Samara 5000--4500 Eastern steppe Fisher-Foragers Wild horse bones in burials and horse figurines EHG with minor WHG (the Samara HG is the oldest blue eyed blond haired person found) R1b1*
Dnieper-Donets 5000--4200 Western steppe Fisher-Foragers transitioning into agriculturalists Wild horse bones in burials and horse figurines EHG with minor WHG R1b, I2
Khvalynsk 4900-3500 Eastern and central steppe Pastoralists. Copper working appears Early signs of Horse Domestication Mostly EHG with minor CHG R1b, R1a, J, Q1a
Sredny Stog 4500-3500 Western and central steppe Agro-Pastoralists. Copper working appears Early signs of Horse Domestication Mostly EHG, with minority CHG and EEF. R1b, R1a-m417
Piedmont steppe ? North Caucasus steppe Unknown Unknown 50% CHG, 50% EHG R1b-V1636
Steppe Maykop (likely not PIE speaking) 3800-3000 North Caucasus steppe Pastoralists with wagons ? (likely) 50% WSHG (Botai like ancestry) 50% Piedmont steppe WSH Q1a2
Repin 3900-3300 Entire Pontic-Caspian steppe Pastoralists, wagons introduced (3500 bc) Yes Presumed similar to Yamnaya R1b-Z2103, R1b-L151(?)
Yamnaya 3300-2800 Entire Pontic-Caspian steppe, Carpatian mountain region Pastoralists living in wagons Yes 55% EHG, 35% CHG, 10% EEF Z2103, I2, L23*
Afasanievo 3300-2800 Siberia and Mongolia Agro-pasoralists with wagons Yes Identical to Yamnaya Z2103, Q1a, R1b-L151
Some pictures to get you in the mood:
https://preview.redd.it/jpd10p3y17841.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=182f0d43f970c7b36edf56117319fc8925068916

Yamnaya facial reconstructions
A one of a kind cudgel found in the Kutuluk Kurgan
Merheleva ridge. An Eneolithic temple/burial complex in use from 4000-500 BC
The Kernosovsky stele
Khvalynsk culture horse head scepter
Copper axe heads from a Yamnaya burial

The reading list:

Research papers:
Informative pages and articles:
Books:
  • The Horse, the Wheel, and Language by David W. Anthony
  • Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture by J.P Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams
  • The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (same authors as above)
  • Ancestral Journeys by Jean Manco
  • Europe between the Oceans: 9000 BC – AD 1000 by Barry Cunliffe
  • By Steppe, Desert and Ocean (same author as above)
  • The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia by Philip L. Kohl
  • When Worlds Collide: Indo-Europeans and Pre-Indo-Europeans by John A.C. Greppin and T.L. Markey (eds.)
Big shout out to the chaps from the Indo-European Discord server for these book recommendations!
Check out this website for a comprehensive map of the time periods:
If you are unfamiliar with the topic and need a solid introduction, check out the PBS NOVA documentary "First Horse Warriors". Second half is about the Yamnaya:
Great presentation by David W. Anthony on this subject:
submitted by JuicyLittleGOOF to IndoEuropean [link] [comments]


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submitted by Yuvraj2106 to AppDevelopment [link] [comments]


2019.09.24 20:00 prediksihk0 Prediksi hk

prediksi hk yang kini anda lihat merupakan situs webite yang bisa membantu anda dalam memprediksi kan hasil pengeluaran data hk terpopuler di sosmed dan bahkan banyak yang mencari situs website togel hk yang mumpuni agar mereka juga bisa ikut memprediksikan hasil data hk yang terpercaya dan terbaik. dengan ini anda tidak perlu khawatir lagi akan ketinggalan memprediksikan hasil data hk karna kami juga akan memprelihatkan data hk yang telah keluar ayo bergbaunglah bersama dengan kami disini dan daftarkanlah diri anda disini sekarang.
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2019.06.19 15:16 vs-boy Interesting article about patient and medical device data from accessec GmbH (german version on accessec webite/ "Presse")

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2018.10.28 07:29 SplitPushMaster Klepto Mid Viktor?

Keep looking at data webites and Klepto Mid Viktor is becoming a thing. Why? Do new player just think that Klepto is a rune you can always take on him? Procing it is way more risky in the mid lane, and yet it's having success.
submitted by SplitPushMaster to viktormains [link] [comments]


2017.07.21 18:57 JakePhillips52 Two weeks in Egypt: Recap and AMA

Hello all,
I went on a fairly long trip this summer including Greece, Turkey, and Egypt. Because Egypt is the least traveled and I connected with it most, I want to offer any help I can give as well as encourage other backpackers to go for it. If you have any questions or are thinking about planning your own trip, please ask!
Imgur Album
http://imgur.com/a/5iVKO
Schedule Summary
Day 0 - Arrive late, slept at airport hotel
Day 1 - Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Egyptian Museum, Cairo Tower
Day 2 - Saqarra, Dashur, Memphis tour
Day 3 - Islamic Cairo, Muhammad Ali Mosque, Al Azhar Park, Khan El Khalili bazaaEl Moezz Street
Day 4 - Luxor Temple, Luxor Museum, Karnak Temple
Day 5 - Collosus of Memnon, Valley of Kings, Hatshepsut, Medinet Habu, Valley of Queens
Day 6 - Dendera and Abydos tour
Day 7 - Bus to Hurghada Resort
Day 8 - Ferry and Sharm Resort
Day 9 - Scuba/snorkel
Day 10 - Beach day
Day 11 - Mount Sinai/St Catherine sunrise hike
Day 12 - Bus to cairo
Day 13 - Heliopolis
Day 14 - Heliopolis, fly home
Accommodation
We benefited greatly from signing up for an American Express Starwood Preferred Guest credit card. Even though we paid off our flight tickets immediately, it allowed us to receive roughly 28,000 points, and 8 free nights in nice places in Egypt.
Cairo
Luxor
Hughada
Sharm
Cairo
Transportation
I recommend downloading the Google maps app and the areas you will be in ahead of time on your phone. This helps a lot with walking or knowing what's around without needing data.
Uber is much better than a taxi, and we took a taxi only twice. It guarantees you get to the correct location, occasionally when a driver doesn't speak English well it doesn't matter, the price is displayed beforehand and locked in, and tipping isn't allowed. Plus there is a method for recourse so drivers are more accountable. Whatever anyone says, uber is completely legal and abundant in Cairo and Alexandria, not available in Luxor or Sharm.
There's an extensive bus network. I recommend looking at Go Bus or Super Jet. Super jet we bought in person, go bus has a nice webite for buying online with all the ticket levels and times listed. Tickets can be bought the day of but I recommend going the day before to be safe. Buses leave slightly late, but were fairly reliable and comfortable. Show up on time. Intercity routes cost $10 max and could be less if taking economy buses. No reason not to get deluxe or business for that price.
There is one ferry that runs Hurghada-Sharm, each direction, every Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday. Definitely by tickets a day before, because high waves can easily cancel the ferry and you need time to adjust. Alternatives would be busing Hurghada>Cairo/Suez-Sharm for $15, or preferably just flying a 40 minute flight for about $70. The ferry costs $40 is two 2.5 hours and somewhat scenic.
There is a day train from Cairo to Luxor. Night trains are not available to tourists. I heard it wasn't reliable and the flight is $70 so it's preferred. Could be fairly scenic though if you're into the landscape.
There is a 1LE (5 cents) ferry in luxor that runs every 15 minutes, 24 hours a day to cross the nile. It's directly across/at Luxor Temple. Staying on the west bank was convenient because it made having a car for touring the spread out west side easier, while we could easily take a ferry for the more walkable east bank.
Budget
$12 a day was our food/miscellaneous budget. In hotels or decent restaurants you can get a full meal for $5 easily. If you're out in towns/villages or away from tourist areas you can get it significantly cheaper. We once paid $1.5 and fed four people in Saqqara.
Uber typically costs $1-5 to go anywhere.
Most souvenirs, statues, papyrus, etc are $20 or less and can be negotiated. I bought a souvenir in one place but found something better in another city, so I sold my original souvenir to the second shop to get a discount. That's how negotiable things are.
1.5 liters of water should cost 10LE. You can negotiate too that. Rural areas will sell fr 5LE.
A bag of chips should cost 5LE, often charged double.
McDonald's in Luxor, right across from temple costs about 60 LE.
A local restaurant costs between 60-100 LE.
Guides
In general, within any city you do not need a guide. Things are easy to figure out yourself. For history buffs, you can find free lance egyptologists capable of explaining hieroglyphics and myths in the entry buildings for places like Karnak or Luxor Temple, but would need to be organized before hand for smaller temples, the tombs, or pyramids. In my opinion if you want a knowledgeable guide for any place, the most important and fruitful is Dendera and Abydos. Each have amazing stories, art, and structure that are unique. Second, Karnak is more impressive if you have someone explaining things to you.
I hate large groups that move too slow or too fast, or block every picture you try to take, so Egyptian Sidekick was a great fit for us. Cheaper than major companies and more personal. The money goes in much higher percentage to the actual guides, who are young, well spoken students/recent graduates/certified free lance guides. [name removed] is the main guide in Cairo and a founder of the company. You will not be disappointed working with him. You aren't guaranteed an egyptologist, but one of ours was. Very friendly, willing to hangout after the tour, more like a travel buddy/friend. Very professional. Tours available to Saqqara/DashuMemphis, islamic cairo, pyramids, dendera/abydos, etc etc (any place you could want to go).
Sharm Excursions was okay for our Sinai trip. The 15 passenger van was really cramped but the tour was reasonably priced and really amazing. They also offer cheap scuba diving and snorkeling by boat in the red sea, but it should be noted that resorts also have tons of employees available to hook you up with tours the day before for slightly cheaper. Expect to pay $30 for a full day of snorkeling plus a fifteen minute intro scuba dive.
A free lance guide we met through egyptian sidekick was [name removed] [contact info removed]. He is an egyptologist and was our guide for Dendera and Abydos. We learned an enormous amount and his easy going, helpful, informative, personality made the day a highlight of the trip. The reason I point these small companies and individuals out is because tourism has been hit hard in egypt and it's these locals that need the money and offer the best service, not world wide touring companies.
Safety
Not once did we feel unsafe. Airports were more thorough in checking bags, there are numerous road check points and if tourists are noticed during excursions outside of the cities military trucks would escort us for extra safety, passports or ID's checked at some road checks, and hotels have road blocks/bomb sniffing dogs/below car mirrors, and metal detectors. BUT it seemed overkill, or at least, should be comforting that security for tourists is such a priority. It was comforting, not unsettling for me.
Only once did I feel like I should keep an extra eye on my girlfriends purse, and it was because a team of salesman were trying to encourage us to take a boat tour the next day, and it was late at night and we were somewhat alone sitting down. I would feel that way in any country at night in a new city, being approached, because you should watch your stuff.
Local interactions
In major tourist locations there are poor people/shop owners hustling for money. Some examples: locals walking around sights 'suggesting' good spots to take pictures or taking a picture of you and your partner, then asking for a tip. Tomb guards offering to let you take pictures when it's forbidden for a bribe. "Baksheesh". Locals attempting to make friends with you, offering you a gift "for free" and later telling you a sob story and taking their gift back unless they get some money. Lame things like telling you you have an 'egyptian face' and occasionally playing the long con like they really just want to talk to you. One guy was wearing a US college hat to make a connection, but was probably lying about having a brother who goes there. Taxi drivers will always offer ridiculous prices, 2-3x the appropriate price. Confirm with locals before hand. One bus attendant charged us $1 to store our luggage after we showed him our ticket. Being tired and the first ones to the bus, we didn't yet realize literally no one else paid to store luggage and he just took advantage of our ignorance. Camel Horse drivers hustle to get you to ride, especially in Luxor, with prices dropping from 30LE to 5LE faster than you can imagine if you just keep walking. I don't recommend horse carriages though because I fear the animals aren't treated well. You have to explicitly say the price is not per person, and includes the whole trip before getting in or they will try to trick you. (same for taxi's). Camel drivers seemed more professional and were abundant at the pyramids and mount sinai; still be very clear about the price. Only once at a restaurant I was given a menu in english and noticed all the prices were different than the local menu's price column. Even if I can't read the words, there's no reason the english menu has all it's numbers doubled or tripled so I called out the owner until they gave us a normal price.
That being said, tipping and hustling is part of their culture and needed in a tourism driven economy with such little tourism. Recognize that it's their job, smile, say no thanks and keep walking. "Show-krun" means no thanks. It's not rude to give short answers and keep moving and really it was more of an experience than a bother for us.
More so, average locals who aren't selling things are extremely friendly. There were very few white people seen in our two weeks, mostly just Russians or Italians at the beach only. And we saw zero other americans. There are some british expat women in Luxor. So mostly young kids looked amazed to see you and shyly wave. I think especially because I am tall and my girlfriend looks american, approximately 10 families stopped us and asked to take pictures because americans are rare. At first that is awkward, because I don't want to perpetuate any incorrect or harmful white savior nonsense, but in the end I think it's intended as harmless and something funny high schoolers show their friends. Two mothers together insisted we take turns holding and taking pictures with each of their babies. It's the same as what you might experience in some other countries around India, south east asia, etc. Everyone was very welcoming, especially hosts. People were friendly on the bus or if we had a question and couldn't read a sign (though nearly everything has English instructions and people speak english). "we love americans" "we love tourists" "I hope you enjoy your time here and tell others" "we want the world to know egypt is safe" was a constant thing. And sometimes locals would say goofy things attempting to appeal to you, like how they dream to visit las vegas or miami or saying 'hi ho silver', because of The Lone Ranger.
Weather
It was consistently 90-100 degrees in late June and early July, and 110 in Luxor. It would be slightly more hot south to Aswan or Abu Simbel. While my girlfriend would've preferred it a bit colder, I was always fine, and we're from the midwest. The real kicker is that it's so dry, unlike my humid home, so I hardly was sweating and it felt much better than 80 and humid that I'm used to.
Not really related to weather, but to being in a different environment: bring medicine. You do not need shots or anything prescription, but bring anti diahreal medicine, ibuprofen, anti biotic ointment, melatonin, an anti histamine, etc.
Water is always sold as bottled water. I don't think I even saw a water fountain, and only used faucet water once. Even then, it was a faucet in a hotel.
Changes
If I could make a change, I would skip hurghada altogether and fly to sharm. Flying in and out of sharm is one of the main security warnings, but it's the same as every other airport, and I didn't feel uncomfortable. The Russian government has apparently put in a lot of work to forcing security improvements since one of their planes went down from sharm a year ago.
Highlights
Going inside the great pyramid ($10), going inside Seti I and Nefertari Tombs (included in luxor pass, which is $100 for students and includes every single site and museum in the city, very worth it to see those sites though there are no lines at any location in Egypt so 'skipping the line at each location' is an exaggerated benefit of the pass), the gorgeous fish that swim right up to you in the red sea on the shore or when snorkeling/scuba diving with them, hiking mount sinai and drinking tea and hot chocolate, and smoking, with actual bedouins who live in the mountain for weeks at a time in small houses/huts, learning some incredible history and how to identify major symbols and structure in temples with [name removed], our guide. Driving to Saqqara and seeing rural areas.
Other sites
If we had more time and money there are three things I would've loved to do:
Taking a Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan, seeing Edfu and Philae Temple along the way. Then taking a bus to Abu Simbel. And last, I would've loved to take a day trip, or just add to our trip, in order to see Petra. Petra is a 2 hour bus ride>ferry>2 hour bus ride away from sharm, and Sharm Excursions does the trip with a return late at night. Unfortunately we just couldn't afford it. An experienced traveler could also just bus and ferry themselves, and stay a couple nights in Jordan to get the cheaper Petra tickets.
Questions?
I hope this isn't too rambly, but I wanted to give a general overview since I so often see people post with apprehension about going to the country in general.
If you have specific questions please feel free to ask and I can go much more into detail, post specific pictures, or give reviews or details/procedures for specific places, where to get things, how to get from place to place, etc.
Egypt was a wonderful country to travel to, as a world class destination for ancient sites, fairly good food, and a very unique experience. Since the revolution in 2011 tourism has had a sharp decline. And walking around in ancient tombs and temples with literally or nearly zero other tourists is a surreal experience I am glad we jumped on, and you could too!
*edit...
...Names and contact info of guides have been removed per the rules. I can provide their contact info in a private message. I have no connection to them, other than being a happy customer and wanting to help hardworking locals.
submitted by JakePhillips52 to travel [link] [comments]


2017.02.06 08:37 thanhtructran Web Designer Malaysia

A Web Designer Malaysia should also be well-experienced in search engine optimization. At times, he is asked to proofread certain contents in order to make sure no error whatsoever exists in the final version. Debugging codes and possible re-designing of Webite Designer Malaysia pages are amongst probable scenarios in the life of a web designer. One other area in which a web designer should be highly-trained is working with content management systems.A Web Design Malaysia works with data, graphics and web pages. He should be able to work his way around content management systems since the content means everything in the world of web design. A Web Designer should also remain available for ‘post-sales’ technical support. In order to keep up-to-date with the latest in design technology, he is expected to follow current trends in Website Designer and take active part in software development courses and events.
submitted by thanhtructran to promoteyourservices [link] [comments]


2016.10.09 23:30 data_analyst_asks Best way to find the demand for products and services world wide

Brainstorming here: collect data on google search hits, data mine social media webites, send out surveys, etc? Any ideas would be greatly appreciated!
submitted by data_analyst_asks to datascience [link] [comments]


2016.05.28 06:35 King-Voyd .NET/IIS apps - is ASP.NET MVC 5 the only option these days?

Sell me on ASP.NET MVC. I've done a lot of WebForms/web services/business layer C#/SQL/XML work, but for some reason I'm not groking the benefits of the MVC design pattern - specifically when hitting "new webite->ASP.NET Razor V3" in VS2015E. It seems like a lot of overhead, especially the NPM dependencies. Maybe it's just too far from what I'm comfortable with, but its seems so abstracted out, and seems like a data-binding & debugging nightmare. I'm a bit used to coding/handling everything server-side with C#, including HTML Templates. Not terribly concerned about UX/Rendering issues, as I know exactly what needs to be rendered and how (DOM structures). Is there something obvious that I'm jut not getting?
submitted by King-Voyd to csharp [link] [comments]


2016.05.23 22:50 SkippTopp /r/StevenAveryIsGuilty Subreddit Participation Stats

I was curious about the participation rate in this sub, so I did a little data gathering and put together some stats, summarized below and in the following pdf file:
http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/SAIG_Stats.pdf
 
/StevenAveryIsGuilty Statistics (includes data from 12/20/15 through 05/21/16)
Subreddit Stats Values
Date Created 01/12/2016
Total Number of Posts 582 (avg. 4.5/day)
Total Number of Comments 19,675 (avg. 151/day)
Total Number of Subscribers 569
Subreddit Rank 26,223 (96.97 percentile)
 
Never Posted or Commented Submitted at Least 1 Post Submitted at Least 1 Comment
Total Number of People 26 133 528
Percent of Total Subscribers 5% 23% 93%
 
The data came from a reddit stats webite and a Python script that was created by someone with some technical skills (which I lack). Links to each are below. The script is re-usable and should work with any subreddit you specify, but it requires Python 3, grab and openpyxl libraries to be installed.
 
Source 1: http://redditmetrics.com/StevenAveryIsGuilty
Source 2: Python script at https://github.com/SkippTopp/reddit-scripts
If you're curious how this compares with the MaM sub, I posted similar stats on that over here.
submitted by SkippTopp to StevenAveryIsGuilty [link] [comments]


2016.05.23 22:46 SkippTopp [Discussion] /r/MakingAMurderer Subreddit Participation Stats

I was curious about the participation rate in this sub, so I did a little data gathering and put together some stats, summarized below and in the following pdf file:
http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/MaM_Stats.pdf
 
/MakingAMurderer Statistics (includes data from 12/20/15 through 05/21/16)
Subreddit Stats Values
Date Created 11/29/2015
Total Number of Posts 2,820 (avg. 20/day)
Total Number of Comments 203,325 (avg. 1,422/day)
Total Number of Subscribers 64,425
Subreddit Rank 764 (99.91 percentile)
 
Never Posted or Commented Submitted at Least 1 Post Submitted at Least 1 Comment
Total Number of People 47,702 1,468 17,496
Percent of Total Subscribers 73% 2% 27%
 
The data came from a reddit stats webite and a Python script that was created by someone with some technical skills (which I lack). Links to each are below. The script is re-usable and should work with any subreddit you specify, but it requires Python 3, grab and openpyxl libraries to be installed.
 
Source 1: http://redditmetrics.com/MakingaMurderer
Source 2: Python script at https://github.com/SkippTopp/reddit-scripts
submitted by SkippTopp to MakingaMurderer [link] [comments]


2013.11.21 22:56 Notaredditr Request for all ingame phone numbers contact info and website subsites

Greetings! I have super slow internet right now so I can't do any data dump checks myself. I saw a post with list of all websites on it, however a few of them had .xtd at the end. I know that's some sort of file directory. Leading me to believe there might be hidden web directories or lifeinvader profiles we don't know about(Kyle Slater?)
Also, I am asking for a dump of all phone numbers. As previous evidence has shown us that anyone can call the phone numbers and it'll be that person, such as Ursula or anyone who's actual number we have. http://www.reddit.com/chiliadmystery/comments/1qttle/the_correct_full_list_of_ingame_webites/ is the website list I was talking about and http://www.reddit.com/chiliadmystery/comments/1onmsq/i_think_i_may_have_actually_found_something_a/ seems to have a phone dump, but no matches up.
It's super common in games for secrets to just be locked away from normal use and there's a way to access them is hidden from the user or just super low user path. Hopefully you guys can help out with this!
Thanks!
submitted by Notaredditr to chiliadmystery [link] [comments]


2013.06.06 22:39 HELPMEIMGONADIE Connecting to T-Mobile. $30 month still open?

For the life of me I cant find the plan listed on the webite. Does the $30 a month for unlimited text, 100 mins, and 5gb of data still exist?
Was about to buy the Nexus to connect as I've heard about it, but I can't find it now.
submitted by HELPMEIMGONADIE to nexus4 [link] [comments]


2011.07.10 02:27 quintios What are the 5 other websites? And what else?

When I install RES, I get this message (as I'm sure everyone else does as well):
It can access:
Your data on reddit.honestbleeps.com, reddit.com, and 5 other websites.
Your tabs and browsing activity.
I take from this that it can, and does, obtain data from all my open tabs, no matter what website, and possibly looks at cookies and/or history to obtain data as well. Frankly this is a bit troubling for one who is more than a bit concerned with privacy on the Internet.
Regardless, the reference to "5 other webites" refers to what sites, exactly?
Thanks.
submitted by quintios to Enhancement [link] [comments]


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  1. Data Crunch: How To Monetize When Learning Web Development ...
  2. Data Is Beautiful - YouTube
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